WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY (Historic Information)
Wire telegraph and telephone lines are few and of a short or local kind; the cable extends only along the Pacific; mail, on the river boats in summer and over the long trails in winter, is often delayed for weeks, and Alaska remains connected to the outside world by the rapidly spreading wireless telegraphy.
The government has been very negligent in many respects concerning Alaska, but in respect to the wireless, it has been diligent in reaching remote corners far ahead of private means of communication of a like kind, so that powerful transmitting stations are fixed at Nome, Ft. Gibbons, Circle. Eagle. Chena. St. Michael, on the interior, and at many points on the coast. This service supplemented with the overland wire from Valdez and the cable, as well as an overland wire through Canada, gives inestimable aid to a winter-imprisoned people. The abbreviated press dispatches in midwinter are \ery welcome indeed. The breaking of ice on the rivers and sea. shortage of provisions, orders for machinery, and all matters of haste may be dispatched to the coast by wireless.
The signal corps men have undergone all the tortures known to Arctic winters at 35 cents per day while erecting and maintaining the land wires so necessary in the outset.
The established land wires now begin at Valdez, running to Gulkana where one branch goes northeast to Eagle and the other northwest to Chena; thence down the Tanana and Yukon to St. Michael.
The wireless apparatus, as it becomes more perfect and is increased in power, reaches farther so that now messages are frequently intercepted over two thousand miles from the transmitter.
Night is better than day, and winter beter than summer for wireless communication, therefore Alaska is abundantly supplied with the natural aids.
A number of aid stations are being perfected on the interior of Alaska, and a more powerful station at Valdez. When the entire scheme has been carried out, government and private business may be carried on at all times by the world with Alaska by wireless.
The wireless link with the outside world will be an assurance of communication, as at no time could it be expected that the Canadian land line, the Pacific cable line and the Wireless would be out of service at the same time.
The expense in erecting and keeping in repair long lines of land wire through an uninhabited country, the awful exposure, and the delay in case of breaks will be avoided by the wireless.
The thanks, congratulations and admirations of the world are due to the men doing the work and the department having it in charge.
The patronage pays well for the investment, but as the country justifies, the United Wireless follows with its system and the government generously turns over the paying private business to it. The United Wireless Company has its instruments on land along the coast and on ships at sea. At the present time almost every boat on the ocean, engaged in Alaska trade, is equipt with wireless.