HEAD NOTE (Historic Information)
Physically, Alaska consists of three natural divisions, the climate, people, commerce, vegetation, etc., of each differing much from the others.
First: The mountainous, timber-covered Pacific Coast, warmed by the Japanese current, sprinkled by incessant rains, peopled by a Mongolian-Indian known as the "Siwash" and rich in diversified minerals and fishes.
Second: The treeless Aleutian Islands and tundra-covered slopes of Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean, chilled with long, cold, dark weird Arctic winters; poor in meneral; ice bound in winter, and peopled by Mongolian-Aleuts and Mongolian-Esquimaux. This strip of land extends inland about fifty miles from the Arctic seas.
Third: The great interior, with its rigorous continental climate, scanty rainfall, fertile valleys, big rivers, peopled by the Redman or North American Indian, containing no trace of Mongolian blood.
The timbers, vegetation, animals, climates and natives can be classed with those of their kinds to the south and east, differing only as modified by latitude.
We will divide this book into three parts, treating each of the above natural divisions in the order stated.